By the late 1950's it was thought that additional small box cars (as opposed to ventilated louvre vans – e.g. “U” vans) were required to replace both older vehicles and to provide for future railway traffic. At the time many older open 4-wheeled “I” and “IA” wagons and “U” louvre vans were being scrapped.
Thus it was planned to build 500 (4 wheeled – 14 ton capacity) steel box cars onto both scrapped and/or new underframes. The bodies of the box cars were of a style similar to the medium size bogie box vans coded “BB” and “BP” that had recently been built. The planned construction of “B” vans was later reduced to 400. The order was actually stopped at 350 built but with extra components still left unused, a further 30 vans were constructed taking the total class to 380 vehicles.
The prototype van B 1 was built at the North Melbourne wagon workshops, entering service on December 10th 1957. It was unique in that it merely had plain, sheet-steel ends without the strengthening pressings. It seems the rest of the class (379 wagons) were built at Bendigo North Workshops between September 19th, 1958 and June 6th 1961 from both second-hand underframes from vehicles constructed between 1909 and 1921 (about 1/3 of the fleet) and the remainder on newly constructed underframes (about 2/3 of the fleet).
The three “B” box vans in the DSCR collection are all interesting in they were in the 1/3 of the fleet built on underframes with “past lives”.
“B 91” was originally a 16 ton capacity open “I” truck number 10457 built new at Cowley Pty Ltd, Ballarat or the VR Newport Workshops in 1912. The record shows that in this period, due to a lack of boilermakers, alternative materials were used for construction, so these new 16 ton “I” wagons reverted to wooden sides and ends with steel doors. These “compromise construction” wagons were called “shandies” by railway employees.
In May 1931 she was returned to Newport where she was fully rebuilt in steel again as a 16 ton capacity truck. Seemingly later in 1931 she was reclassified “IA”. This was an administrative change for the farming lobby.
“IA 10457” on paper had a dual capacity of both 11 and 16 tons. This dual capacity was a Government concession for farmers with “less than full wagon loads”. Loading only up to 11 tons was charged at 11 ton wagon rate and loading over 11 tons was charged at 16 ton wagon rate. The railways preserved the 1929 ratio of 11 ton to 16 ton open trucks for farmers by reclassifying an “I” wagon to “IA” every time an older smaller 11 ton “IB” wagon was scrapped in order to appease farmers who were used to ordering the smaller 11 tons rail wagons that were disappearing from traffic.
“IA 10457” went to North Bendigo Workshops on May 15, 1959 to be converted to a “B” box van. The vehicle “IA 10457” was officially scrapped on April 27, 1960.
As “B 91”, the box car only saw 19 years’ service before being placed Off Register on May 7, 1979. Interestingly, B91 was included in the consist of the last goods train to Daylesford in 1978. By 1996 the vehicle was still in existence, stored at Newport Shops and allocated to Steamrail. “B 91” is now in the care of the Daylesford Spa Country Railway and is accredited to operate. She is currently painted for c1979 period.
By the early 1980's, most “B” vans were rapidly being scrapped with some diverted into use as Departmental vehicles for the Way and Works and other Branches. In this guise some vans retained the classification “B” whereas most were reclassified “HD”.
The reason for the name of the “HD” vehicles is really interesting. Their classification has its heritage in the box vans acquired from the private Deniliquin & Moama Railway takeover by the Victorian Railways in 1923. This railway was built entirely in New South Wales but only connected to the Victorian Railways system at Echuca. It was planned as an “add-on” the original, private “Melbourne, Mount Alexander and Murray River Railway” (Southern Cross – Bendigo – Echuca), which went broke during early stages of construction and led to the formation of the Victorian (Government) Railways Department to complete the Railway.
At some point these purely “number only” D&MR wagons were assigned the coding “HD”, the “H” adopted from the official (then - old coding) VR wagon coding alphabet for “box wagon” and the “D” to denote the private origins of the wagon from the D&MR. This coding system was applied to the vehicles prior to the 1920's to assist in rolling stock identification when these private wagons ventured onto Victorian Government railway lines. Prior to this, “HD” coding the D&M stock was unclassed. The numbers of the HD vans were merely D&M Railway wagon numbers 5 to 31.
After the VR takeover and as these box vans had been built in the late 1870's, they were deemed unsuitable for freight traffic and were placed into service as railway 'plant'/service trucks. As previously outlined, these vans were used for storing workmens’ materials. These 1870’s Deniliquin and Moama Railway box vans began to be scrapped up to as late as the 1950’s. Their replacements were vehicles like the 1959/1960 VR built “B” 4-wheeled box vans which were modified for the same service stock use.
The “B” vans were the last modern 4-wheeled box cars ever built by the Victorian Railways. They transported non-perishable “less-than-car-load” small freight consignments to the dying branch lines of the once mighty VR. When the next/last large “batch” of Victorian branch lines were rapidly closed over 1976 - 1978 period, these not very old vehicles no longer had a role.
Prepared by Sean Kelly with thanks to rolling stock historian Peter J. Vincent and the late Frank Kelly.